Geography, People, Biodiversity
Assam is one of
the states of Northeastern India and geographically lies between 20051'
N - 27058' N latitude and 89049' E - 97026'
E longitude, is the home land of large number of diverse ethnic groups
including 23 scheduled tribes, and has an area of 78,523 sq km with a
population of 2.66 million as per 2001 census. The state has a humid
subtropical climate, covered with tropical and subtropical forest to moist
deciduous and dry deciduous forest. With almost impenetrable immense green
landscape, the state is very rich in diversity of flora. Being a state of
the eastern Himalayan biodiversity hot spot, Assam is very rich in
biodiversity as well as traditional knowledge. About 80% of the population
of Assam reside in rural areas and the people of these rural and remote
localities by and large are still dependent on natural resources around them
for their day to day life including their health care needs. Thus the use of
herbs in curing ailments is a long and living tradition of the state.